History of Marble

A Brief History of Marble:
From ancient times to Modern day.

From its mountains to its many islands, much of the country of Greece is built on a foundation of pure marble. This small nation contains the largest and widest varieties of marble found anywhere in the world.

Marble, a long lasting and beautiful stone, was used from early times by the ancient Greeks, who were masters of the worlds finest architecture, stone-cutting and sculpturing. They created create exquisitely detailed statues and buildings which have lasted through the ages. For example, The Parthenon, built in 441-437 BC of solid Pentelicon marble, is a well known symbol of ancient Greek civilization.

Before too long, much of the civilized world was importing Greek marble to create their own national monuments. The glistening white marble was considered a treasure by the first users of Greek marble. Soon, coloured marble became appreciated and widely used for its aesthetic properties. Its texture, grain and crystalline surface along with the ease of working with this material made it popular with the artisans of Greece and then the rest of the world.

Just north of Athens in the Penteli mountain region is the most widely known quarrying center from ancient times. Rated among the words purest and most precious marble in the world is White Pentelicon marble "Marmo Pentelico" or "Marmo Greco Fino". A famous school of sculpture was established in nearby Thasos.

Though coloured marble was first believed to be of inferior quality to that of white marble, this was a short lived belief and before long some of the worlds most amazing constructions were created using it. The columns of the temple of Artemis at Ephesus, one of the seven wonders of the world, were built with the green coloured marble of Larissa.

For the people of those early times, transportation of the marble, both by land and sea, posed problems which the ancient Greeks overcame. Many historians liken this achievement to